Technically known as tibial periostitis, shin splints consist of an inflammation of the layer of the tibia (shin), and they are characterized by general pain on he inner edge of the shinbone. The symptoms usually manifest when performing some impact activities such as jogging, running, dancing or jumping.
Shin splints can be caused by wearing inadequate footwear, sudden changes of the training surface, starting a rigorous physical activity without previous muscular adaptation and preparation, insufficient rest between sport practices, poor or inadequate stretching, overpronation of the feet, flat feet, among others.
Mainly, the treatment for tibial periostitis consists of resting, migrating to a low impact activity during the recovery stage, such as swimming, using physical agents like cryotherapy or thermotherapy, and stretching or massaging the muscles involved. Pharmacologically, shin splints can be approached through taking ibuprofen or acetaminophen, making sure the patient does not show any allergic reaction to them.