Technically known as tibial periostitis, shin splints consist of an inflammation of the layer of
the tibia (shin), and they are characterized by general pain on he inner edge of the
shinbone. The symptoms usually manifest when performing some impact activities such as
jogging, running, dancing or jumping.
Shin splints can be caused by wearing inadequate footwear, sudden changes of the
training surface, starting a rigorous physical activity without previous muscular adaptation
and preparation, insufficient rest between sport practices, poor or inadequate stretching,
overpronation of the feet, flat feet, among others.
Mainly, the treatment for tibial periostitis consists of resting, migrating to a low impact
activity during the recovery stage, such as swimming, using physical agents like
cryotherapy or thermotherapy, and stretching or massaging the muscles involved.
Pharmacologically, shin splints can be approached through taking ibuprofen or
acetaminophen, making sure the patient doesn't show any allergic reaction to them.